Document confirms CIA role in 1953 Iran coup
August 20, 2013
By JOSEPH FITSANAKIS | intelNews.org |
Almost exactly 60 years ago, on August 19, 1953, a military coup d’état deposed Iran’s legally elected Prime Minister, Dr. Mohammed Mossadegh, and replaced him with General Fazlollah Zahedi. Mossadegh was placed under house arrest, while his senior government associates and thousands of his supporters were arrested. Many, including Hossein Fatemi, Iran’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Mossadegh’s trusted friend, were tortured and eventually executed. The coup, which reinstated the Shah at the helm of Iran’s government, is believed to have been planned and executed by Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) in cooperation with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). This, however, has never been publicly acknowledged by the CIA. The Agency has consistently refused comment on the matter, saying that most of the records of its involvement in Iran at the time were “lost or destroyed” in the mid-1960s. This policy of silence, however, appears to have changed this week, after the CIA released an official document that acknowledges the Agency’s leading role in the coup. The document, entitled The Battle for Iran, is part of an internal CIA historical report produced in the mid-1970s by an Agency historian. Parts of it were declassified in 1981, but its most important chapter, titled “Section III: Covert Action”, had been redacted prior to its public release. Sometime ago, George Washington University’s National Security Archive filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the complete release of the report. This was not granted; but the CIA did release a new public version of the document, which contains fewer redacted passages. Among the newly uncovered information is a brief description of the operational side of the August 1953 coup, which the CIA codenamed TPAJAX. The report claims that the Washington’s fear that Mossadegh’s government was open to “Soviet aggression” in the Middle East, “compelled” the CIA to implement TPAJAX. The operation, says the document, was “a military coup [...] was carried out under CIA direction as an act of US foreign policy”. Several American former intelligence officials have admitted US involvement in the Iranian coup, and at least two US Presidents, including America’s current leader, Barack Obama, have openly acknowledged that the US directly participated in the operation. But this is the first time that an official CIA document acknowledges that the Agency participated in the coup. Intelligence historians may be excused for believing that this is the closest we will ever get to a formal acknowledgement of involvement by the CIA.